For a Healthy Ministry in A Church with Diversity
One of the factors we need to include in diagnosing
reality : Postmodern thinking
by John Lee
changes and we live in a changing world. Our perception also changes and our
ways of thinking and action has already changed. How much do we know of
ourselves? And how much do we know the differences between generations, and how
do we name them?
is the means of link between the individuals within the community, and we begin
this basically with demonstrating “who I am” and “who we are”. As part of our
attempt to know who we are and who I am and to develop further strategy to
build the dynamic community, analysis of the postmodern ways of thinking and
phenomena is a crucial step to make.
It is not to evaluate the postmodern
ways, but to recognize the changing ways of thinking and working that shifts
the ways of communication. Once we understand and recognize what is there and
who we are, each individual may utilize for each different needs in their own ways.
What then is postmodernism and its phenomena?
is an idea that has been extremely controversial
and difficult to define among scholars, intellectuals,
and historians, as it connotes to many the hotly
debated idea that the modern historical period has
passed. Nevertheless, most agree that postmodern
ideas have affected philosophy, art, critical theory,
literature, architecture, design, interpretation
of history, and culture since the late 20th century.
The term defies easy definition, but generally comprises
the following core ideals:
continual skepticism towards the ideas and ideals
of the modern era, especially the ideas of progress,
objectivity, reason, certainty & personal
identity, and grand narrative in general (see
belief that all communication is shaped by cultural
bias, myth, metaphor, and political content.
assertion that meaning and experience can only
be created by the individual, and cannot be
made objective by an author or narrator.
satire, self-reference, and wit.
of a mass media dominated society in which there
is no originality, but only copies of what has
been done before.
a culturally pluralistic and profoundly interconnected
global society lacking any single dominant center
of political power, communication, or intellectual
production. Instead, the world is moving towards
decentralisation in all types of global processes.
There are multiple positions on the differences between postmodernity and
One position says that postmodernity is a condition or state of being, or
is concerned with changes to institutions and conditions whereas postmodernism
is an aesthetic, literary, political or social philosophy.
The term postmodernity is used in a number of ways. Most generally, postmodernity
is the state or condition of being postmodern (i.e., after or in reaction to
what is modern), particularly in reference to postmodern art and postmodern
architecture. In philosophy and critical theory, postmodernity more
specifically refers to the state or condition of society which is said to exist
A related term is postmodernism, which refers to movements,
philosophies or responses to the state of postmodernity, or in reaction to
some of its critics, "post modernism" is simply cynical belief, the
dissolution of cause and effect, the absence of order. The purpose of understanding
postmodernism is to search new ways of communication
by analysing the "cultural and intellectual phenomena" rather
than to study further on postmodernity that focuses on social and political outworkings in society.
Here are a few, partial
and unordered, comments on postmodernism:
is the new philosophy for the skeptical.
- Postmoderns are those people who have
begun to doubt the authors who seemed to have all the answers, the authors who
seem to have everything wrapped up with a complete story of how things are and
how they should be.
- There are
many people who are postmodern today but don't know it.
- The premoderns
are the people who explain things with literal parables such as people who take
the Bible literally. The moderns, in contrast, try to put all their
beliefs in scientific sounding theories.
- The postmoderns are more likely
to take a non-literal but poetic approach to expressing themselves.
have different beliefs but they share a kind of humility about their beliefs.
- Postmoderns treat their beliefs more like hunches than like faithful
allegiances. They often describe themselves as "not-knowing" or
take a professional stance without presenting themselves as experts.
- Postmoderns offer help without presenting themselves as authorities.
there are no real common beliefs, however, there is a common style of talking
that frequently emerges from this shared skepticism. One of them is
paralogical conversations, people of quite diverse points of view, even modern
or premodern points of view, find ways to talk together and make sense
- Instead of talking past each other or down to each other, postmoderns
from each other, or that's what they try to do.
- We can find
postmodernism manifesting itself everywhere in the western world where
conversation is encouraged. Modernity was the culture of the book, but the book
divides people into authors and readers. The authors and readers never meet
each other. There is no conversation. Authors simply provide the ideas and
readers simply drink them in.
- In the
postmodern culture, people are turning away from books and prefer
- Postmoderns are tired of monologues. They want to talk with
each other, or listen to others talk.
Contrast of Modern and Postmodern Thinking
factors of multiple levels of reasoning. Web-oriented.
compromise the whole
The whole is
more than the parts
violating "natural" laws" or by "immanence" in
everything that is
Meaning in social
context through usage
by Shannon Weiss & Karla Wesley